SB 1383 Information and Resources
Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCP) Summary
In September 2016, Governor Brown signed into law SB 1383, establishing methane emissions reduction targets in a statewide effort to reduce emissions of short-lived climate pollutants (SLCP) in various sectors of California's economy. SB 1383 establishes targets to achieve a 50 percent reduction in the level of the statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level by 2020 and a 75 percent reduction by 2025.
Methane emissions resulting from the decomposition of organic waste in landfills are a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions contributing to global climate change. Organic materials - including waste that can be readily prevented, recycled, or composted - account for a significant portion of California's overall waste stream. Food waste alone accounts for approximately 17-18 percent of total landfill disposal. Increasing food waste prevention, encouraging edible food rescue, and expanding the composting and in-vessel digestion of organic waste throughout the state will help reduce methane emissions from organic waste disposed of in California's landfills.
This law expands upon the goals of AB 341 (Mandatory Commercial Recycling) and AB 1826 (Mandatory Organics Recycling). However, SB 1383 is unique in that it impacts residents in addition to businesses, and it requires some businesses to donate excess edible food to feed people in addition to composting organic materials. Unlike previous laws, there are significant penalties for non-compliance. Cities must establish organics recycling programs for all properties, including single-family residential properties, multi-family residences, and businesses. Organic waste includes both food waste and other green waste, such as yard trimmings. In addition, cities must facilitate a food rescue program that creates a 20% increase in the recovery of currently disposed of edible food from large food generators, including grocery stores, wholesale distributors, and restaurants. The recovered food will then be routed to those who are experiencing food insecurity. Under SB 1383, the food recovery target must be met by January 1, 2025.
Effective January 1, 2022, all California residences and businesses will be required to separate organic waste from other trash and non-organic recyclables and participate in an organics collection program. The City of Placentia is working with its franchised solid waste hauler, Republic Services to provide programs for residents and businesses to comply with the requirements of this legislation in 2022. These programs will include a new solid waste service to collect organic materials, including food waste, from residential properties. The City will also continue its efforts to assist local businesses in complying with this legislation, as well as continuing efforts to support business compliance with other state recycling legislation including AB 341, AB 1826, and AB 827.
More resources can be found on CalRecycle's SB 1383 page.
What Does This Mean For ...
Commercial Businesses: Those generating 2 cubic yards or more of commercial solid waste and 20 gallons or more of organic waste per week are required to divert organic materials.
- Food Waste - Businesses that are able to donate surplus food are recommended to do so, through organizations such as Abound Food Care. Those that fall into Tier 1 or 2 "Commercial Edible Food Generator" are required. Please see the figure below, in Organics Implementation Timeline, or visit CalRecycle's Food Donor page.Currently, Republic Services offers food waste recycling services as an option for organics diversion. To implement a food waste recycling program, please contact their Customer Service team at (800) 700-8610.
- Green Waste - Businesses utilizing a landscaping company for green waste services need to inform the landscaping company of current State requirements and advise them to divert green waste from the landfill.
Multi-Family Residential Complexes: Complexes with 5 or more units are required to divert organic materials. At this time, only green waste diversion is required for compliance.
- Food Waste - More information will be posted here when it becomes available.
- Green Waste - Multi-Family Residential Complexes utilizing a landscaping company for green waste services need to inform the landscaping company of current State requirements and advise them to divert green waste from the landfill.
Single-Family Residents: At this time, Placentia residents will not see a change in their bins and are not required to modify current food and green waste disposal. Eventually, food waste/scraps will be combined with the yard waste (brown) bin as a way of diverting food waste from the landfill.
Organics Implementation Timeline
July 1, 2020 - CalRecycle begins analyzing the progress that the waste sector, state governments, and local governments have made in regards to achieving organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025. Upon conclusion of this analysis, CalRecycle may include incentives or additional requirements in the regulations to facilitate progress toward achieving the organic disposal reduction targets.
January 1, 2022 - CalRecycle’s regulations to meet the organic waste reduction targets for 2020 and 2025 take effect and are enforceable on this date
January 1, 2024 - CalRecycle may require local jurisdictions to impose penalties for non-compliance on regulated entities subject to their authority
January 1, 2025 - By this date, the state must achieve a 75% reduction in the level of statewide disposal of organic waste from the 2014 level. In addition, not less than 20 percent of currently disposed of edible food must be recovered for human consumption.
To learn more about how businesses can donate surplus food, please visit CalRecycle's Food Donor page.
Local Food Bank Organizations/Resources
Franchise Hauler Services
Businesses can contact the City's franchise refuse and recycling hauler, Republic Services, to add organics recycling services. To implement a recycling program with Republic Services, or if you have any questions or concerns, please contact Republic Services’ Customer Service team at (800) 700-8610.